Overview & Demographics
- Official languages: English and French
- Largest city:
51,885 sq mi
4,410,800 (2008 est.)
- Admission to Union:
April 30th, 1812
- Lieutenant Governor: Mitch Landrieu
As of July 2005 (prior to the landfall of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita), Louisiana has an estimated population of 4,523,628. The center of population of Louisiana is located in Pointe Coupee Parish, in the city of New Roads. The five largest ancestries in the state are: African American and Franco-African (32.5%), French / French Canadian (16.2%), American (10.1%), German (7.1%), Irish (7%) and Italian (4.4%). Louisiana is home to the second-largest proportion of black Americans (32.5%) in the United States, behind neighboring Mississippi (36.3%). Franco-Africans and African-American blacks dominate much of the southeast, central, and northern parts of the state.
Cajuns and Creoles of French ancestry are dominant in much of the southern part of the state. Louisiana Cajuns are the descendants of French-speaking Acadians from colonial French Acadia, which are now the present-day Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.
The creole population also includes people of Spanish ancestry, most notably “Isleños” of Canary Islander ancestry, who live along the southern Gulf coast.
Whites of Southern U.S. background predominate in northern Louisiana. These people are predominantly of English, German, Welsh, and Scots Irish backgrounds, and share a common, mostly Protestant culture with Americans of neighboring states.
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